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DNS Setup

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DNS Setup - 2.Oct.2003 3:45:00 PM   
Red

 

Posts: 17
Joined: 26.Apr.2002
Status: offline
Hi All,

OK, so I have read the article by Jim Harrison about DNS and the importance of having it all set up properly, but I am still non the wiser. I think I have quite a simple setup on our network; One W2K Server domain controller with exchange 5.5 on it and one W2K Server with ISA setup as integrated and stand alone.

At the moment our general web access is very sluggish (the "message icons" on this very page still haven't loaded!) and our outgoing mail is queuing up (probably cause of timeouts). I have this nagging feeling that it is all down to DNS (all protocol rules and packet filters seem to be setup right).

If anyone can at the least push me in the right direction as to how I should have dns setup I would be most grateful.

At the moment:

ISA SERVER:

NIC 1 (Internal)
IP: 192.168.0.203
SM: 255.255.255.0

DNS: 192.168.0.200 (Our DC)

NIC 2 (ADSL)
IP: our external adsl ip (fixed)
SM: 255.255.255.248
DG: our adsl router IP

DNS: our adsl router IP

Really lost on this one, so any help will be more than appreciated.

Thanks

Dave
Post #: 1
RE: DNS Setup - 2.Oct.2003 9:18:00 PM   
spouseele

 

Posts: 12830
Joined: 1.Jun.2001
From: Belgium
Status: offline
Hi Dave,

check out http://www.isaserver.org/tutorials/Configuring_ISA_Server_Interface_Settings.html .

So, remove the DNS settings on the external NIC.

Then you have two options:

1) install a caching-only DNS server on ISA: check out http://www.isaserver.org/articles/snatdns.html for more info.

2) Configure a DNS server on the internal network to resolve Internet host names.

For the latter, this are the configuration steps:

1) configure the internal DNS server as a SecureNAT client. That means his default gateway should point to the ISA internal interface.

2) enable forwarders on your internal DNS server and specify there your ISP DNS servers. Also, make sure you check the ˘Do not use recursion÷ box.

3) create on ISA a client address set containing your internal DNS server.

4) create on ISA a *seperate* protocol rule allowing the protocols DNS Query (UDP port 53 send/receive) *and* DNS Zone Transfer (TCP port 53 outbound) and apply it to the above created client address set.

5) create on ISA a *seperate* site&content rule allowing access to any destination or better to a destination set containing your ISP DNS servers, and apply it to the above created client address set.

Now, thoroughly test the DNS name resolving with the command nslookup. All should work well. Last but not least, never touch the DNS protocol and site&content rule again. You should now have a very stable DNS infrastructure.

HTH,
Stefaan

(in reply to Red)
Post #: 2
RE: DNS Setup - 2.Oct.2003 9:43:00 PM   
Red

 

Posts: 17
Joined: 26.Apr.2002
Status: offline
OMG, that is soooo weird. I just found those steps to follow in a different thread, got all excited, sent the link to my work address and was just going to close this thread with a "dont worry, I've found a great thread to be working on"!

Thanks for the help (both times) hopefully by tomorrow lunchtime I will have a nice stable DNS structure. (Blimey, that's possibly the geekiest thing I have every typed!)

Thanks again,

Dave

(in reply to Red)
Post #: 3
RE: DNS Setup - 2.Oct.2003 10:05:00 PM   
spouseele

 

Posts: 12830
Joined: 1.Jun.2001
From: Belgium
Status: offline
Hi Dave,

glad I could help! [Smile]

Thanks,
Stefaan

(in reply to Red)
Post #: 4

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